Mapping Philippine Vulnerability to Environmental Disasters

<<< Back to Appendix

Anthropogenic or human and developmental factors primarily consider poverty, population and settlements, infrastructure and socio-economic drivers and pressures. The conceptual frameworks for anthropogenic mapping are shown below. Anthropogenic or human developmental factors are, in general, administrative.

The poverty-development continuum simply shows that at one pole or end is the inability to cope with disasters as in the case of poverty, though not necessarily to help one another as communities, and what are at risk in terms of man-made resources on the other. The poverty-hazards nexus demonstrates their cyclic and two-way nature, such that one cannot address disasters without addressing poverty.

Anthropogenic and human factors are inherently linked to the other categories since these are the basis for assessing exposure and vulnerability. For example, factors such as crowded human settlements lacking in adequate affordable services and infrastructures increase not only the number of people exposed to climate- and weather-related and geophysical hazards, but also decrease the community's capacity to cope with such hazards.

In summary:

  • Vulnerability (the capacity to cope with disasters or the susceptibility to these) is determined or influenced by poverty on one hand as against development on the other.
  • Cumulative poverty is a deterrent to development, so poverty alleviation goes hand in hand with disaster management.
  • Population will continue to grow and densify, from coastal to inland areas.
  • Socio-economic pressures will increase demands upon natural and man-made resources, especially production, so that resource frontiers will change over time.
  • Socio-economic drivers combine with proneness to disasters to require decisive and location-specific adaptation measures, whose objectives should be to:
<<< Back to Appendix